Evolution Resources

The accumulation of small heritable changes within populations over time.

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Evolution Resources

#1  Postby CJ » Feb 26, 2010 2:53 pm

Evolution Resources

This thread is a guide to sites that are either dedicated to evolution or have a significant area devoted to the subject. I have tried to stick to what can be recognised as reputable organisations. Sites for a younger audience are often mixed in with teaching resources so they are all there together. This is not a discussion thread please add any comments in the discussion thread!

Thanks
CJ
__________________________________________________________________________
One simple place to start.

This little video, exactly 10 minutes long is one of the best introductions to what evolution is and what evolution isn't. Short simple and worth 10 minutes of your time.

[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vss1VKN2rf8[/youtube]

Guides
Frequently asked questions about evolution What is evolution? Biological evolution refers to the cumulative changes that occur in a population over time. These changes are produced at the genetic level as organisms' genes mutate and/or recombine in different ways during reproduction and are passed on to future generations. Sometimes, individuals inherit new characteristics that give them a survival and reproductive advantage in their local environments; these characteristics tend to increase in frequency in the population, while those that are disadvantageous decrease in frequency. This process of differential survival and reproduction is known as natural selection. Non-genetic changes that occur during an organism's life span, such as increases in muscle mass due to exercise and diet, cannot be passed on to the next generation and are not examples of evolution.

Understanding Evolution, University of California Understanding Evolution is a non-commercial, education website, teaching the science and history of evolutionary biology. This site is here to help you understand what evolution is, how it works, how it factors into your life, how research in evolutionary biology is performed, and how ideas in this area have changed over time.

Howard Hughes Medical Institute 2005 holiday lectures. 4 hours of video on various aspects of evolution, including a fascinating introduction to Charles Darwin; both his work and his life.

The Talk Origins Archive is a collection of articles and essays, most of which have appeared in talk.origins at one time or another. The primary reason for this archive's existence is to provide mainstream scientific responses to the many frequently asked questions (FAQs) that appear in the talk.origins newsgroup and the frequently rebutted assertions of those advocating intelligent design or other creationist pseudosciences.

PBS Wide selection of videos, very accessible, including one about the evolution of the eye.

The complete works of Charles Darwin This website is the largest collection of writings by and about Darwin ever published. It contains his complete publications, thousands of handwritten manuscripts and the largest Darwin bibliography and manuscript catalogue. There are also over 200 supplementary texts, from reference works, reviews, obituaries, biographies and more.

Darwiniana and Evolution Darwiniana.org is a resource for anyone interested in evolution. It contains information on fossils, genetics, evolutionary theory, botany, zoology, creationism and ID. Extensive links to other reliable sites are provided. It even has a picture of A. R. Wallace. Who was Wallace? Go have a look.

Evolution Timeline The timeline of human evolution outlines the major events in the development of human species, and the evolution of humans' ancestors. It includes a brief explanation of some animals, species or genus, which are possible ancestors of Homo sapiens sapiens. It begins with the origin of life and presents a possible line of descendants that led to humans

Interactive Time Line Very informative interactive time line going back to the Big Bang. It takes a few seconds to load. Unless your screen is quite wide you can't see the right hand end of the line which is our bit.

Evolution and the Fossil Record This non-technical introduction to evolution, produced by the American Geological Institute in cooperation with the Paleontological Society, aims to help the general public gain a better understanding of one of the fundamental underlying concepts of modern science. Also has a 36 page booklet.

Tree of Life Web Project The Tree of Life Web Project (ToL) is a collaborative effort of biologists from around the world. On more than 9000 World Wide Web pages, the project provides information about the diversity of organisms on Earth, their evolutionary history (phylogeny), and characteristics.

Becoming Human Organisation The Institute of Human Origins (IHO) conducts, interprets and publicizes scientific research on the human career. IHO's unique approach brings together scientists from diverse disciplines to develop integrated, bio-behavioural investigations of human evolution. Through research, education, and the sponsorship of scholarly interaction, IHO advances scientific understanding of our origins and its contemporary relevance. Combining interdisciplinary expertise and targeted funding, IHO fosters the pursuit of integrated solutions to the most important questions regarding the course, cause and timing of events in human evolution.

Evolution: 24 myths and misconceptions So here is New Scientist's guide to some of the most common myths and misconceptions about evolution.

Academic Sites and Guides
The Society for the Study of Evolution Subscription site for serious study. The Society for the Study of Evolution was founded in March, 1946. The objectives of the Society for the Study of Evolution are the promotion of the study of organic evolution and the integration of the various fields of science concerned with evolution. The Society publishes the scientific journal Evolution and holds annual meetings in which scientific findings on evolutionary biology are presented and discussed.

Evolutionary Psychology Evolutionary Psychology is an open-access peer-reviewed journal that aims to foster communication between experimental and theoretical work on the one hand and historical, conceptual and interdisciplinary writings across the whole range of the biological and human sciences on the other.

The Paleobiology Database is an international scientific organization run by paleontological researchers from many institutions. We are bringing together taxonomic and distributional information about the entire fossil record of plants and animals. Our goal is to educate the public, summarize the literature for professionals, and foster statistical analyses of mass extinctions and other aspects of biodiversity. Note: you must register and have a scientific interest in the core data there are some publicly accessible elements.

New Scientist Another vast site with lots of recent developments from New Scientist magazine.
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#2  Postby CJ » Feb 26, 2010 2:54 pm

Museums

NEW the Human Origins Initiative Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. A new exhibition hall dedicated to the discovery and understanding of human origins will open next year at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History. Based on decades of cutting-edge research by Smithsonian scientists, the David H. Koch (pronounced “coke”) Hall of Human Origins will premiere March 17, 2010, which also marks the 100-year anniversary of the museum’s official opening on the National Mall.

The Virtual Fossil Museum Fossils across geological time presented in multiple contexts of geological history, the tree of life, paleobiology and evolution. The Virtual Fossil Museum is an educational resource providing an ever-growing extensive collection of fossil images.

London's Natural History Museum Welcome to the Natural History Museum. We promote the discovery, understanding, enjoyment, and responsible use of the natural world. Explore our world-class collections, fantastic exhibitions and cutting-edge research online, or visit our landmark buildings.

Natural History Museum at Tring Discover the fascinating range of animals collected by Lionel Walter Rothschild in our beautiful Victorian Museum. It is home to the world-class research and collections of the Natural History Museum's Bird Group.

University of Nebraska State Museum Explore Evolution is a major new partnership forged between science museums and 4-H organizations to bring current research on evolution to the public. The project features the work of scientists who are making leading discoveries about the evolution of life. From rapidly evolving HIV to whales that walked, the public is invited to explore evolution in organisms ranging from the very smallest to the largest.

The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago A huge museum which never ceases to please. There are permanent dinosaur exhibits including 'Sue' the biggest T Rex so far found! There are also regular special exhibitions which are detailed on the web site.

NEW Downe House, near Bromley in Kent This is the house that Darwin bought and settled down in after his voyage around the world in the Beagle. I grew up 4 miles away and my most recent visit was in Dec 2009. It is a wonderfully evocative place to visit. The ground floor has been restored into its condition as it was around 1859 when Origin of Species was first published. The upper floor is mainly exhibitions of Darwin's life story and his insights into the natural world. His study on the ground floor is such a powerful place to stand. One can almost feel the agonies Darwin went through as he struggled with his beliefs and how his studies contradicted them. The sadness he felt at the death of his first child Anne at the age of 10 is made almost palpable in the extracts from his letters written around the time of her death. He never attended Sunday church services after her death. For me Darwin's early faith makes the work he did so much more credible than if he had been brought up an atheist. I think he knew he was killing God as he wrote Origins. In my experience Downe House lets you get into the mindset of Darwin far better than any TV programme or film that I have yet seen. Standing in his study actually gave me goose bumps.

If you ever have a couple of hours to spare and are in the vicinity whatever your world view is I recommend a visit. It is a wonderful insight into the man, his painstaking work and the era in which he lived.

Chris aka CJ

Teaching guides, education resources and kids/teenager guides
Access Excellence Education Resources The National Health Museum

Evolution and the Nature of Science The National Academies Press

Evolution Resources From the National Academies This Web page is designed to provide easy access to books, position statements, and additional resources on evolution education and research. These materials have been produced by the National Academies and other sources.

National Center for Science Education The National Center for Science Education (NCSE) defends the teaching of evolution in public schools. We are a nationally-recognized clearinghouse for information and advice to keep evolution in the science classroom and "scientific creationism" out. NCSE is the only national organization to specialize in this issue.

Swathmore College Evolution resources for the public school teacher

Welcome Trust Big Picture on Evolution
"Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution." Theodosius Dobzhansky (1973)

The Evolution Report, hosted by Paul Wilson The Evolution Report is a series of audio programs on evolutionary topics. It is primarily intended to be supplemental instruction for BIOL 322 Evolutionary Biology. Students say that they don't have enough time to study more than they are already studying, but many spend tons of down-time in their cars and relaxing before bed. Our idea then was to produce an entertaining show that could be listened to during this down-time and that would not consume high-quality time. The goal is to make evolutionary topics more familiar.

Miscellaneous
Evolution, a philosophical perspective Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy

Darwin Day Darwin's 200th Birthday will occur on February 12, 2009; it will also be the 150th Anniversary of the publication of his famous book, On The Origin of Species. So, together we can evolve a truly international Celebration to express gratitude for the enormous benefits that scientific knowledge, acquired through human curiosity and ingenuity, has contributed to the advancement of humanity.

Member Sites
Understanding Evolution: History, Theory, Evidence, and Implications An astonishingly extensive site with a great breadth of information. Warning there are a number of very explicit images of deformed foetuses towards the end of the site. Also available in hard copy here.
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#3  Postby CJ » Feb 26, 2010 2:55 pm

Blogs, wikis and forums[/size]

By the nature of blogs there will be all sorts of things here so dive in and have a look.

The Panda's Thumb is the virtual pub of the University of Ediacara. The patrons gather to discuss evolutionary theory, critique the claims of the antievolution movement, defend the integrity of both science and science education, and share good conversation.

Pharyngula is the blog of PZ Myers a biologist and associate professor at the University of Minnesota. Evolution, development, and random biological ejaculations from a godless liberal!

Darwin Central is concerned with the theory of evolution as a scientific topic. We do not concern ourselves with either religious objections to the theory or with political objections based on the theory's alleged social consequences. We recognize that some denominations which follow a literal interpretation of scripture object to biological evolution because they feel it conflicts with their interpretation of scripture. There are other denominations that do not share this view. The NCSE's collection of Statements from Religious Organizations consists of a list of Christian and Jewish denominations, including the Roman Catholic Church, that accept (or at least do not dispute) evolution. There is also the recent statement opposing creationism by the Archbishop of Canterbury, leader of the 70-million-member Anglican Communion. We have no desire to participate in such inter-denominational disputes.

List-o-links Maintained since 1999 this list dwarfs anything else I've seen. So after you've had your fill here there's plenty more to be found on this link. Plenty of stuff to shoot down creationists with as well.
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#4  Postby CJ » Feb 26, 2010 2:56 pm

Specific Examples

Some people wish to refute or deny evolution exists or has ever happened and demand examples as proof. These links are hard scientific evidence of evolution, if somebody felt that they had a good case to refute evolution they would have to categorically disprove these examples in open scientific debate. They are provided for information. If you have any original source material of this nature please send the details to me in a PM.

Evolution of antifreeze glycoprotein gene from a trypsinogen gene in Antarctic notothenioid fish
Abstract. Freezing avoidance conferred by different types of antifreeze proteins in various polar and subpolar fishes represents a remarkable example of cold adaptation, but how these unique proteins arose is unknown. We have found that the antifreeze glycoproteins (AFGPs) of the predominant Antarctic fish taxon, the notothenioids, evolved from a pancreatic trypsinogen. We have determined the likely evolutionary process by which this occurred through characterization and analyses of notothenioid AFGP and trypsinogen genes. The primordial AFGP gene apparently arose through recruitment of the 5 and 3 ends of an ancestral trypsinogen gene, which provided the secretory signal and the 3 untranslated region, respectively, plus de novo amplification of a 9-nt Thr-Ala-Ala coding element from the trypsinogen progenitor to create a new protein coding region for the repetitive tripeptide backbone of the antifreeze protein. The small sequence divergence (4-7%) between notothenioid AFGP and trypsinogen genes indicates that the transformation of the proteinase gene into the novel ice-binding protein gene occurred quite recently, about 5-14 million years ago (mya), which is highly consistent with the estimated times of the freezing of the Antarctic Ocean at 10-14 mya, and of the main phyletic divergence of the AFGP-bearing notothenioid families at 7-15 mya. The notothenioid trypsinogen to AFGP conversion is the first clear example of how an old protein gene spawned a new gene for an entirely new protein with a new function. It also represents a rare instance in which protein evolution, organismal adaptation, and environmental conditions can be linked directly.

29+ Evidences for Macroevolution
Abstract. According to the theory of common descent, modern living organisms, with all their incredible differences, are the progeny of one single species in the distant past. In spite of the extensive variation of form and function among organisms, several fundamental criteria characterize all life. Some of the macroscopic properties that characterize all of life are (1) replication, (2) heritability (characteristics of descendents are correlated with those of ancestors), (3) catalysis, and (4) energy utilization (metabolism). At a very minimum, these four functions are required to generate a physical historical process that can be described by a phylogenetic tree.

If every living species descended from an original species that had these four obligate functions, then all living species today should necessarily have these functions (a somewhat trivial conclusion). Most importantly, however, all modern species should have inherited the structures that perform these functions. Thus, a basic prediction of the genealogical relatedness of all life, combined with the constraint of gradualism, is that organisms should be very similar in the particular mechanisms and structures that execute these four basic life processes.
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Re: Evolution Resources

#5  Postby CJ » Feb 26, 2010 2:57 pm

Ardipithecus Ramidus

All things Ardi

Image

Discovering Ardi website

Timeline and skeleton at National Geographic

Ardipithecus Ramidus - An Ancient Human Ancestor Surprise - Images and links to the dig site

First of 10 videos "Discovering Ardi"
[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ek0pnUB5E0[/youtube]

Full playlist at YouTube

A round table discussion about Ardi

1 of 5
[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SHdprG-Zxps[/youtube]

2 of 5
[youtube=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=38OVR8v667E][/youtube]

3 of 5
[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6l99FFfr2gg[/youtube]

4 of 5
[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SFtpsh2mEog[/youtube]

5 of 5
[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8qpBtGARhUw[/youtube]

Ardipithecus (Article: 'Did apes descend from us?')

Ardipithecus FAQ
Today is Ardipithecus day. Eleven papers in tomorrow’s issue of Science describe the research on one exceptional skeleton (numbered ARA-VP-6/500, nicknamed “Ardi”) as well as more than thirty other individuals, mostly represented by isolated teeth with a few partial sets of teeth.

Ethiopian desert yields oldest hominid skeleton
BERKELEY — Nearly 17 years after plucking the fossilized tooth of a new human ancestor from a pebbly desert in Ethiopia, an international team of scientists today (Thursday, Oct. 1) announced their reconstruction of a partial skeleton of the hominid, Ardipithecus ramidus, which they say revolutionizes our understanding of the earliest phase of human evolution.
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#6  Postby CJ » Feb 26, 2010 2:58 pm

Related sites of interest

These sites are usually biology based and give insights into the evolutionary process while not being specifically about evolution.

Digital Morphology The Digital Morphology library is a dynamic archive of information on digital morphology and high-resolution X-ray computed tomography of biological specimens. Browse through the site and see spectacular imagery and animations and details on the morphology of many representatives of the Earth's biota.

New United Kingdom Geologists Equipment I would not normally link to a commercial site but this has a lot of goodies relating to fossils and fossil hunting. Please note: RDF does not endorse this site but offers the link for your information.

New Latsis Symposium 2009

samar wrote:Last month I had the great opportunity to assist to a 2 day Symposium dedicated to Anniversary of the publication of the Origin of Species. The talks were given by top scientist and most very interesting!

I strongly recomend:
- Darwin's finches by Rosemary and Peter Grant
- Emma Darwin and the evolution of human childhood by David Haig
- A Neandertal Perspective on Human Origins by Svante Pääbo

An excellent resource recommended by samar.
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Re: Evolution Resources

#7  Postby CJ » Feb 26, 2010 3:02 pm

Please don't reply to this thread as in due course it could well be locked as I expect it will be a resource thread not a discussion thread comments very much appreciated here

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Re: Evolution Resources

#8  Postby Calilasseia » Apr 12, 2010 4:53 pm

UPDATE: additional resource, provided by THWOTH:

-----------------------------------------------

DNA to Darwin

An informative, detailed, not to mention good-looking web resource from the University of Reading, UK, which explains and explores the theory of evolution through the analysis of DNA protein sequence data and by virtual experimentation.

    "DNA to Darwin allows 16–19 year-old school students to explore the molecular evidence for evolution through practical bioinformatics activities that use data analysis tools and molecular data.

    The activities on this Web site are centred around an engaging story from recent research in molecular genetics encompassing microbiology, plant and animal biology and human evolution."

http://www.dnadarwin.org

-----------------------------------------------

UPDATE : Additional resource courtesy of CJ:

Yale University Courses : Evolution, Ecology And Behaviour (36 Video Clips)

Yale University Videotaped Lectures On Evolutionary Biology - this course is entitled "Evolution, Ecology And behaviour", and is presented by Stephen C. Stearns. The 36 video clips in sequence are titled as follows:

[1] The Nature Of Evolution: Selection, Inheritance And History
[2] Basic Transmission Genetics
[3] Adaptive Evolution : Natural Selection
[4] Neutral Evolution : Genetic Drift
[5] How Selection Changes The Genetic Composition of Population
[6] The Origin And Maintenance Of Genetic Variation
[7] The Importance Of Development In Evolution
[8] The Expression Of Variation : Reaction Norms
[9] The Evolution Of Sex
[10] Genomic Conflict
[11] Life History Evolution
[12] Sex Allocation
[13] Sexual Selection
[14] Species And Speciation
[15] Phylogeny And Systematics
[16] Comparative Methods : Trees, Maps And Traits
[17] Key Events In Evolution
[18] Major Events In The Geological Theatre
[19] The Fossil Record And Life's History
[20] Coevolution
[21] Evolutionary Medicine
[22] The Impact Of Evolutionary Thought
[23] The Logic Of Science
[24] Climate And The Distribution Of Life On Earth
[25] Interactions With The Physical Environment
[26] Population Growth : Density Effects
[27] Interspecific Competition
[28] Ecological Communities
[29] Island Biogeography And Invasive Species
[30] Energy And Matter In Ecosystems
[31] Why So Many Species? The Factors Affecting Biodiversity
[32] Economic Decisions For The Foraging Individual
[33] Evoiutionary Game Theory : Fighting And Contests
[34] Mating Systems And Parental Care
[35] Alternative Breeding Strategies
[36] Selfishness And Altruism
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Re: Evolution Resources

#9  Postby Calilasseia » Jun 04, 2012 12:02 am

UPDATE : ADDITIONAL RESOURCE

Courtesy of hackenslash ...

hackenslash wrote:Somebody posted this at Ratz. One look was all it took, and I knew it needed to be here. Could this eventually be added to the resource thread please?

http://www.fossilmuseum.net/index.htm


Fossil Museum Online
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Re: Evolution Resources

#10  Postby Calilasseia » Sep 15, 2013 11:22 pm

Addition to the list:

National Evolutionary Synthesis Centre (USA).

One of the topics covered therein is An Evolutionary Theory Of Dentistry, courtesy of a paper by the same name in Science (free copy downloadable from here]
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